Benefits and Advantages of Gabion
Since gabion is bound together as a monolithic unit, the mesh is extremely strong under tension. The mesh shell is not simply a container for the stone filling, but a reinforcement of the entire structure. Additional strength is achieved by the use of vertical diaphragms. These diaphragms are affixed to the base of the gabion to restrict internal movement of the stone filling and provide further reinforcement. Subjected to alternating forces of tension and compression, the inherent flexibility of a gabion structure enables it to deform rather than break. This prevents loss of structural efficiency.
Interstitial spaces in the stone fill within the gabion provides a great degree of permeability throughout the structure eliminating the need for a drainage system and preventing buildup of hydrostatic pressure which will displace and crack concrete structures. In river works, pressure and counterpressure on the banks due to variations in water depth between flood and low water are therefore also eliminated. Gabion efficiency, rather than decreasing with age, actually increases. During early periods of use, silt and vegetation will collect within the rock filling to form a naturally permanent structure, enhancing the environment.
In addition, gabion is less expensive than most construction materials. Graded stone fill is usually locally available. Waste materials such as crushed concrete may be specified in place of stone. Construction costs are reduced; unskilled laborers can easily learn to erect gabion systems, fill them and close them properly. Many gabion structures may be built without any mechanical equipment. Upon completion, a gabion structure will take its full load immediately - without the waiting periods of up to one month normally associated with concrete structures. Gabion structures are virtually maintenance free.
Welded gabion mattress is manufactured from cold drawn steel, electronically welded at each section to form welded mesh panels and covered with PVC coating for additional anti-corrosive property.
The PVC coated heavy hexagonal mesh is manufactured from low carbon steel wire and coated with a PVC coating to strengthen the anti-corrosive property.
Gabion mattress is also called reno mattress, it is mainly composed of double twisted hexagonal wire mesh, thus the mesh shape is often hexagonal shape.